The Chitwan Valley is an Inner Terai valley in the south of Nepal, encompassing the districts of Makwanpur, Chitwan and Nawalparasi.
The valley is part of the Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands ecoregion of about 150 km (93 mi) length and 3048 km (1930 mi) width. The Chitwan Valley is drained by the East Rapti River, which flows from the eastern Mahabharat Range into the valley near Hetauda, where it turns west and flows along the axis of the valley. About 20 km west of Hetauda the Rapti meets the eastern border of Chitwan National Park. For the next 70 km it forms a natural boundary between human settlements on its right-hand side and protected area on its left-hand side.
Chitwan National Park:
Chitwan National park having land of 932kmsq is a subtropical lowlands located in the south central Nepal,165 km awayfrom kathmandu. It is famous for the jungle safaries since 1984 when it was granted UNESCO World Heritage Site status.The Park has 70 % Sal forest ,20% Grasslands & 10 % bushes.
There are about 50 different types of grasses including Elephant grass ( Saccharum spp) could grow upto 9m in height. As regards to wildlives & birds in the park concerns, there are 68 species of Mammals, 544 species of Birds, 56 species of herpeto fauna & 126 species of fish. The park is renowned for one horned Rhinocerous, Royal Bengal Tiger & Gharial Corcodiles. Other wildlives found in the park are Wild elephant, Fourhorned antelope, Pangolin, Golden monitor lizard, Python, Bengal florican, Lesser florican, Giant hornbill, Black stork, While stork, etc.
The activities that are carried out in the packages are ELEPHANT BACK SAFARI, DUG OUT CANOING, ELEPHANT BATHING, ELEPHANT BREEDING CENTER VISIT, NATURE WALKS, JEEP SAFARIES, THARU CULTURE SHOW, BIRDWATCHING, TIGER SIGHT HUNTING depending upon the duration of the stays in the Park. There are verities of Hotels & resorts beside the park.